Bourne town is found on a Roman road, and was built around some natural springs, hence the name of the town, which derives from the Anglo-Saxon word 'burne' meaning 'water' or 'stream'.
Bourne's economy was originally based solely on rural industries until the railway opened up a junction on the Victorian railway system after the Second World War. This caused major development of the town and many of the original medieval builds around the medieval street plan were rebuilt. These improved connections and communications allowed a bottled water industry to establish and coal to be delivered to the town's gas works.
The town has a plethora of sports, including motorsports. The racing car marques English Racing Automobiles and British Racing Motors were both founded in Bourne by Raymond Mays, the international racing driver and designer. Bourne Town Football Club plays in the United Counties Football League and Bourne Cricket Club plays in the Lincolnshire Premier League.